Petrol Exploitation and Conflict inside the Niger-Delta Region of Nigeria
© Ogbonn 2013
J Sound Ecol, 26(1): 25-30 (2009)
Oil Fermage and Turmoil in the Niger-Delta Region of Nigeria Samson Imasogie Omofonmwan* and Blessed Osaretin Odia** *Department of Geography and Regional Planning, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria E-mail: [email protected] com **Department of Sociology and Anthropology, College or university of Benin, Benin Town, Nigeria E-mail: [email protected] com KEYWORDS Niger-Delta. Oil Exploitation. Environmental Wreckage. Conflict. Minimization ABSTRACT The Niger-Delta part of Nigeria, coincides approximately towards the south-south geopolitical zone in the country. Before the discovering from the black platinum (crude oil), agriculture was the dominant career of the people in the location. Crude oil was discovered in business quantity in the area in 1956. Since then exploration and exploitation of crude oil offers resulted in environmental degradation, soil impoverishment, pollution, loss of marine life and biodiversity and so forth This examine reveals the fact that causes of the crises in the Niger-Delta place is sequel to the lack of ability of the multinational companies involved in the explorations and exploitation of crude oil, and the federal government to adequately reduce the consequences of their activities in the area. These multinational companies make use of capital-intensive technology developed in core countries, which make high wage employment intended for only a few personnel but little employment for most others. This paper is of the view that adequate minimization measures such as: construction of access roads, health facilities, educational facilities, electricity, income containing ventures (cassava mill, grain mill, oil from palm mill etc) piped hydrant scheme, dotacion of tiny credit facilities, capacity building, agricultural advancement etc can greatly reduce the crises in the region to the bearest minimum.
ADVANTAGES Niger Delta region of Nigeria is one of the most blessed deltas on the globe, in both equally human and material solutions. Suffice to express that the damaging manner, in which these solutions have been controlled over time, may be the bane with the regions situation today. Therefore, the people in the region are prone to a number of side effects and socio economic constrains which pertaining to long made the people more volatile causing youths restiveness: conflicts among youths and community frontrunners, youths and government agencies, young ones and multinational companies etc. Attempts by government and multinational companies (operating in the area) to cope with this ugly scenario of wanton damage of lives and home as well as impingement on the query process of crude oil, refining and distribution of petroleum products has not yielded the desired results. Identification of needs by people and participation of the people, at the same time of servicing their needs, is actually a vital synergy towards actualizing the individuals needs and desire (that are accepted as satisfactory). Assessing the records of a good number of the multinational companies, donors and government agencies, declaring the number of developing projects to host neighborhoods, (where petrol mineral is being
tapped); a single might easily receive fancied yet a visit to such neighborhoods will nevertheless , reveal that what is about ground should indeed be a far cry from what is actually needed to ameliorate the plight from the people. With the amount of deprivations and damages those activities of the multinational corporations that happen to be into crude oil explorations provides caused the individuals in the region online dating back to 1956 for some neighborhoods –pollution, environmental degradation leading to low agricultural yield, destruction of aquatic life, home displacement, etc . It is apparent that the multinational companies with the area hasn't done enough to satisfy the yearning and aspirations of the people. Another factor seen to have further fueled the tension in the region, is a failure from the multinational corporations to meet...
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