A Theory Primarily based Evaluation of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
‘A theory based analysis of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy'
The purpose of this kind of essay is to provide a theory based analysis of Cognitive Behavioural Remedy (CBT). The first a part of this article will give full attention to defining CBT including a quick description of its derived history and the therapies which have contributed to its development. Let me then begin review the tools used in the four step process of CBT (assessment, formulation, intervention and evaluation). Let me also integrate how my personal learning of theoretical ideas relates to my own work based practice.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is a psychotherapeutic approach that aims to resolve problems regarding with unable to start emotions, behaviours and considering (cognitions) through a goal-orientated, organized procedure. Relating to Craddy, CBT helps clients to change their conduct and their thinking patterns. He states that clients may learn to ‘tolerate unpleasant feelings and discover that they can be likely to lessen with time…they can be convinced that staying away from experiences of any amount of anxiety in the short term is definitely not advantageous to their particular mental health' (Craddy, 06\ p. 28). CBT is known as a brief and time limited therapy which can be highly effective for several disorders which includes phobias, panic, depression, eating disorders, drug or alcohol complications and sleeping disorders.
From the 1970's CBT started to be politically attractive in the United Kingdom. During that time there was numerous the population being in receipt of sickness benefits and on medication leading to a financial burden on the economic system. The Government's aim was therefore to address these issues by making use of CBT. This kind of therapy matched the personal agenda as CBT was cost effective, measurable and was a short term involvement particularly when when compared with other remedies. However , it is necessary to recognise that CBT would not meet the needs of all individuals and definitely will therefore not at all times be effective. Other sorts of therapy should not be dismissed. Furthermore, CBT has been criticised as a general ‘simple oriented " cookbook” approach to remedy: if the consumer has this matter, then make use of that technique' (Westbrook ainsi que al, 2011, p1). Usually, CBT consumers will go back to a CBT therapist a number of years later after it was initially received. This could therefore enhance the question, just how effective was this remedy the first time it had been accessed?
CBT was developed throughout the merging of two therapies, Behaviour Remedy and Intellectual Therapy. Let me not carry on to discuss Behaviour therapy in more detail.
Behavior Therapy produced in the early 20th Hundred years with its 3 distinct parts of origins in South Africa (Wolpe), United States (Skinner) and the Uk (Rachman & Eysenck). Behaviour Therapy is based upon learning theory which should treat your customer through techniques designed to strengthen desired and eliminate undesired behaviours (McGuire, 2000). Classical and Operant Conditioning are noticed as the primary theories of learning. Time-honored conditioning (Pavlov) is referred to as learning that is certainly achieved through association, for example a fear of the dentist maybe linked to the feeling of distress and soreness. Operant conditioning (Skinner) is usually described as a process of learning responses through positive and negative reinforcements. Skinner details positive support as rewards which are presented every time a appropriate response is given to a stimulus e. g. affection may be given being a ‘reward' into a child. That child will certainly repeat that behaviour to endeavour to gain that love again. Adverse reinforcement is usually described as removing the unpleasant stimulus after the correct response has been elicited. In other words, negative reinforcement as if something such as discomfort that is treated through pain relievers is taken off us, we would reach for the painkillers again if the pain returned. Relating to Skinner, both great and adverse...
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